Capital cities of arab islam, volume 58 capital cities of arab islam. Capital cities of arab islam philip k hitti professor hitti, the distinguished authority on the islamic world, views the highlights of arab history through the windows of the capital cities where those events occurred. The account concentrates on six cities mecca, the religious capital. Marozzi is excellent on how commerce and multiethnic, or multireligious, communities underpinned all the great islamic cities. The account focuses on six cities mecca, the religious capital. Multiple trajectories of islam in africa islam had already spread into northern africa by the midseventh century a. Professor hitti, the distinguished authority on the islamic world, views the highlights of arab history through the windows of. The project is celebrated annually in three cities representatives of the arab region, the asian region and the african region. Abbasid was a city that was in charge of the arab empire for a while. In this volume, nezar alsayyad examines the extraordinary characteristics of islamic urbanism and the process by which cities and towns were absorbed and physically transformed by islam. Over the ensuing centuries, islam provided this framework for a remarkable constellation of cities, from cordoba in spain to delhi in india. Mar 31, 2017 islam and the west 1962 lebanon in history 1967 makers of arab history 1968 islam.
List of national capitals simple english wikipedia, the. List of largest cities in the arab world wikipedia. Capital cities of arab islam, by philip khuri hitti goodreads. The umayyads based themselves in the eastern mediterranean, around the key cities of jerusalem and damascus, both important trading and commercial cities in the byzantine empire that preceded the rise of islam. In nearly every arab muslim country, the prime enemy of entrepreneurship and the free market is an abusive governmentand the strong, unaccountable, and usually despotic regimes that have dominated arab muslim populations for decades owe neither their origins nor their legitimacy, such as it is, to islam. Mordechai kedar is a senior lecturer in the department of arabic at barilan university. The isesco adopted the capitals of islamic culture programme, in which three ancient islamic cities are chosen annually to represent islamic culture in africa, asia, and the middle east. Cibf celebrates cairos selection as capital of islamic culture in arab world. The capital hosts the islamic conference of culture ministers, which is. Expansion of islam through arabia, africa, andalusia and central asia getting ready for the first quiz.
The abbasid caliphate first centred its government in kufa, modernday iraq, but in 762 the caliph almansur founded the city of baghdad, near the ancient sasanian capital city of ctesiphon. Search for library items search for lists search for contacts search for a. Cairo named capital of islamic culture in arab world for 2020. Many people consider ramallah to be the capital of palestine, as this is where the countrys government operates from.
Capital cities of arab islam university of minnesota press. Saudi arabia imposes lockdown in capital riyadh, two holy cities. In the first visit by a sitting pope to the arabian peninsula, pope francis delivered on tuesday a mass for an estimated 180,000 people in abu dhabi, capital of the united arab emirates. Capital cities of arab islam by philip hitti is available in. List of largest cities in organisation of islamic cooperation. In addition to a wealth of arabic historical data, islamic cities are recognized by arabic inscriptions, architectural details and references to the five pillars of islam. This expansion represented a geographic shift in islamic and arab culture moving beyond its core in the hijaz region of arabia. Located to the north of jerusalem, ramallah is situated in the west bank region of palestine. This is a list of the largest cities in the organisation of islamic cooperation member states, based on the united nations world urbanization prospects report 2010 population estimates from the reports 2007 revision. Isesco started capital of islamic culture programme in 2005. Many of the capital cities of modern times damascus, cairo, baghdad all had their greatest success in the first centuries of islamic rule. Top 10 stunning capitals of islamic culture in the middle east. Aleppo is one of the worlds oldest inhabited cities with some estimates putting it at over 8000 years old. The arab conquest of spain and the push of arab armies as far as the indus river culminated in an empire that stretched.
The arab empire of the medieval period was far more advanced than contemporary europeans. Professor hitti, the distinguished authority on the islamic world, views the highlights of arab history through the windows of the capital cities where those events occurred. In order to create a playlist on sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Professor hitti, the distinguished authority on the is. Cairo named capital of islamic culture in arab world for. Minister abdel dayem further explained that choosing cairo as the capital of islamic culture in 2020 confirms egypts position in the heart of the islamic world. Five things to know about religious freedom in the united. Oct 01, 2018 riyadh rapidly grew from an enclosed desert village into a modern cosmopolitan city, and later became the capital of saudi arabia in 1932. Arab govt focused on cities and largely left people in the countryside alone. In the preislamic era, riyadh was named hajr and served as the capital of the alyamamah province, whose governors controlled most of central and eastern arabia. Harun alrashids baghdad may have held a million people the same time that charlemagnes aachen was a capital of ten thousand.
Jun 01, 2003 over the ensuing centuries, islam provided this framework for a remarkable constellation of cities, from cordoba in spain to delhi in india. Fatimids were people that took charge in egypt and shifted the abbasid trade focus to cairo. Saudi arabia imposes lockdown in capital riyadh, two holy. Week 12 map rise of islam history of the gulf and middle. Centers of leaning attracted scholars from across the muslim world to great cities such as baghdad, damascus, and cordoba. Capitals of arab countriesstateexpanded to show the template expanded, i. Tunis to be celebrated as capital of islamic culture. The history of islam in cities is also the history of the alsoran. The capital hosts the islamic conference of culture ministers, which is held. This program also targets highlighting the rich heritage of islam that calls for tolerance and coexistence, providing a true picture of the ancient islamic civilization. Mecca is where muhammad was born and where he founded the religion of islam. The arab world is here defined as the 22 member states of the arab league. Professor hitti, the recognized authority on the islamic world, checks out the highlights of arab background via the home windows of the resources cities where those events happened.
The arab capital of culture is an initiative taken by the arab league under the unesco cultural capitals program to promote. Capitals of arab countriesstatecollapsed to show the template collapsed, i. Philip khuri hitti wikisource, the free online library. It includes territories and dependencies, nonsovereign states including associated states, and entities whose sovereignty is disputed. Many of the capital cities of modern times damascus, cairo, baghdad all had their greatest success in the first centuries of. In some capital cities, such as ghana and gao, the presence of muslim merchants resulted in the establishment of mosques. Cibf celebrates cairos selection as capital of islamic. The fatamid caliphate was an islamic empire from 909 to 1171 ad.
Largest cities in the arab world by official cities proper. Tunis to be celebrated as capital of islamic culture aw. Among these was the evolution of the arab muslim city, which occurred during the rapid expansion of the muslim empire in the seventh and eighth centuries ad. Merchants, traders, sailors, and missionaries brought islam to the port cities of east africa and southeast asia, and traders carried islam into the capital cities of the kingdoms of the sahel, on. The arab government treated people in the countryside better than people living in cities. Its first capital was mahdia in tunisia before moving to cairo. Capital cities of arab islam by philip hitti is available. Its members are capitals of islamic countries and cities from all over the world. The organization of islamic capitals and cities is an international non governmental and nonprofitable organization founded in 1400 h.
Iranians most probably first coalesced into an organized community in the jaxartes and oxus basins see most recently francfort, pp. Outshone in ostentation by the more glamorous emirates of dubai and abu dhabi, sharjah has remained firmly attached to its cultural heritage. See all 4 formats and editions hide other formats and editions. Prior to the advent of islam, the umayyads were a largely merchant family of the quraysh tribe centered at mecca.
Islam and the west 1962 lebanon in history 1967 makers of arab history 1968 islam. The abbasid period was marked by reliance on persian bureaucrats notably the barmakid family for governing the territories as well as an increasing. The merchants of mecca feared the pilgrimages to the town and the kaabah would cease if muhammads message spread. In arabic, the city is called dimashq ashsham, meaning land of the north. Other cities served as capital cities for the government called the caliphate that ruled the empire. This is a list of largest cities in the arab world. Feb 05, 2019 in the first visit by a sitting pope to the arabian peninsula, pope francis delivered on tuesday a mass for an estimated 180,000 people in abu dhabi, capital of the united arab emirates. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Professor hitti, the distinguished authority on the islamic world, views the highlights of arab history through the windows of the capital cities where those ev. A way of life 1970 capital cities of arab islam 1973 translations. Cities are chosen based on their achievements in serving culture, literature, the arts, science, and islamic knowledge.
Islamic cities the past as a key to the future the globalist. Mecca saudi arabia the most important city in the islamic religion is mecca. History test islam and arab empire flashcards quizlet. Three ancient islamic cities are chosen to represent the islamic culture in the arab world, africa and asia, and the capital of the islamic culture hosts the islamic conference of culture ministers, which convenes biannually.
Umayyad dynasty, the first great muslim dynasty to rule the empire of the caliphate 661750. Islamic cities the past as a key to the future the. Capital cities of arab islam by philip hitti overdrive. Today, ramallah is home to the palestinian national.
The city is still the most important city in islam today. Capital cities of arab islam paperback april 20, 1973. Samarra was founded in ad 836 by the abbasid dynasty caliph almutasim ruled 833842 who moved his capital there from baghdad. For our first quiz all students should be well acquainted with the cities, rivers and regions marked on this map, particularly the areas in orange and purple that mark the areas of the spread of arabic and islamic civilization up to about ce.
While the ground zero mosque generates nationwide debate, america has become a country of thousands of mosques, cultural institutions and halal restaurants. He served in idf military intelligence for 25 years, specializing in arab political discourse, arab. The modern islamic city of samarra is located on the tigris river in iraq. This is a list of national capital cities in alphabetical order. Damascus is the capital of the syrian arab republic its current population is estimated at about 1. In 1998, sharjah was named the cultural capital of the arab world by unesco, and it was recognized by isesco as the capital of islamic culture in 2014. Dec 27, 2019 the history of islam in cities is also the history of the alsoran. But if it had remained the political and the commercial capital of the empire of the muslims, it would, without a doubt, also have become their entertainment capital, attracting all the bohemian. Capital cities of arab islam, by philip khuri hitti. Isesco seeks to celebrate islamic cities around the world to highlight the richness of the islamic culture. Muawiyah ibn abu sufyan was the first umayyad caliph, ruling from 661 to 680.1092 605 249 1411 576 221 828 186 889 1303 1262 858 794 1184 346 206 430 208 704 1134 557 1340 292 644 582 1236 430 919 1327 1369 891 568 329 510 1131 1305 342 931 897 1027 459 642